be & have

 


BE = ETRE !

pour l’age, la description les couleur, la hauteur

I am 14.

I am nice and good looking.

the cat is black.

I am 1m 60.

il est toujours auxiliaire

on le trouve tout seul, mais aussi accompagné be + ing (present / preterit continuious) et aussi be + participe passé (forme passive)

present                                                                                         preterit

I am                                                                                 I was

you are                                                                          you  were

he/she/it is                                                                 he/she/it was

we are                                                                          we were

you are                                                                         you were

they are                                                                      they were

HAVE = avoir

HAVE n’est pas toujours auxiliaire comme en français. Il est auxiliaire si est seulement si il est suivi d’un participe passé.

 

 

on l’utilise pour tout ce que l’on possede et ce qui nous appartient

present                                                                                         preterit

I have                                                                                I had

you have                                                                          you  had

he/she/it has                                                                 he/she/it had

we have                                                                          we had

you have                                                                         you had

they have                                                                     they had